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History and heritageICala Estància is located between the cove of Son Caios and the Club Marítim de Sant Antoni de la Platja sailing club, better known as the Club de Can Pastilla

. It is part of the population centre of Can Pastilla. The coastline used to be rocky, but to increase its appeal to tourists, large amounts of sand were transported there from the beach of Can Pastilla in around 1964 to make it into a small beach. Later on, jetties were built to protect the artificial beach from sea currents and these can be still be seen today.

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Marine ecosystem

The dominant seabed is a sandy substrate with some rocky areas. Just at the end of the jetties a bank of Neptune grass begins (Posidonia oceanica). Species of fish that are typical of sandy bottoms can be found, such as the Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus), the Mediterranean horse mackerel (Trachurus mediterraneus), the common pandora (Pagellus erythrinus) and the red mullet (Mullus barbatus). In addition, other species can be found in the rocky seabed such as the white seabream (Diplodus sargus) and Couch’s seabream (Pagrus pagrus).

The most typical algae that can be seen in the sandy areas are Halimeda tuna, Dasycladus vermicularis and “peluqueta” (Codium vermilara). “Cistoseira balear” (Cystoseira balearica), peacock’s tail (Padina pavonica), “acetabulària mediterrània” (Acetabularia acetabulum) are abundant in the rocky areas

Finally, the jellyfish that can be found near this beach are the mauve stinger (Pelagia noctiluca), with a strong sting like that of a nettle, the common jellyfish (Aurelia aurita), which has a painful sting, the fried-egg jellyfish (Cotylorhiza tuberculata), with a very weak sting, and the sea raft hydrozoa (Velella velella), which does not sting.

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Birds of interest

Thanks to its coastal character, a wide range of seabirds can be found here. The shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis) can often be seen swimming very close to the coast or on the rocks. The yellow-legged gull (Larus michahellis) and Audoin’s gull (Larus audouinii), which is endemic to the Mediterranean, are also often seen. These species can be seen all year round.

There are also species that can only be seen during their migration periods, usually the autumn or winter, such as the cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo), the little egret (Egretta garzetta), the ruddy turnstone (Arenaria interpres), the sanderling (Calidris alba), the black-headed gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) and the Sandwich tern (Sterna sandvicensis).